Last Call for COVID: To Avoid Bar Shutdowns- States Serve Up Curfews

Last Call for COVID: To Avoid Bar Shutdowns- States Serve Up Curfews

Last Call for COVID: To Avoid Bar Shutdowns- States Serve Up Curfews. As states and cities around the country enact curfews on bars and restaurants to limit the spread of COVID-19, many different calls are being made on “last call.”

In Massachusetts, eateries must stop serving at 9:30 p.m. New York, Ohio and an increasing number of states are setting 10 p.m. closing times for indoor dining, while in Oklahoma, bars and restaurants can keep the rounds going until the wee hour of 11 p.m. In Virginia, alcohol has to be off the tables at 10 p.m. but restaurants can stay open until midnight.

With coronavirus outbreaks being traced back to bars and restaurants, curfews are being embraced not just by governors but also by many restaurant and bar owners who see them as a more appetizing alternative to the total cessation of indoor dining.

“I do think things need to be a little bit tightened down,” said David Lopez, general manager of Manny’s Restaurant in Kansas City, Missouri, and incoming president of the city’s restaurant association. Mayor Quinton Lucas ordered a 10 p.m. curfew that took effect Friday.

“When you close at 10 p.m., you’re taking away a good portion of that time when people are standing with no mask on,” Lopez said. “Each hour that goes by and you’re standing in the same space, you make yourself more susceptible to contracting the virus.”

Along with anecdotal reports that as the evenings wear on, an older set of rule-abiding diners are replaced by younger, more defiant — and often more intoxicated — patrons, there has been some empirical evidence to justify the curfews. In Minnesota, public health authorities found that among people who tested positive for COVID-19 and had visited a restaurant, those who visited after 9 p.m. were twice as likely to be part of an outbreak cluster.

To some epidemiologists, establishing cutoff times ignores the fact that the coronavirus does not obey curfews. But they endorse any tool that helps slow the spread.

“It’s a half measure and maybe less than a half measure, but that’s better than no measure at all,” said Raymond Niaura, interim chair of the epidemiology department at the New York University School of Global Health.

From June 1 to Nov. 16, 190 outbreaks in Minnesota — involving 3,201 infected people — were traced back to restaurants and bars by public health authorities. That represented 46% of the outbreaks in public settings. Weddings came in second, with 107 outbreaks (14%), followed by sports (11%), gyms (11%), social gatherings (9%), churches (4%) and funerals (3%). In all, there were 4,145 unique cases from all these kinds of gatherings out of the 250,000 infections Minnesota has catalogued since the start of the pandemic.

The benefit of curfews may come not primarily from targeting the late-night revelers but by curtailing the number of patrons at restaurants and bars. “Their effect is to reduce the amount of time that will allow people to congregate,” said Stephen Kissler, a research fellow at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

In an Today Times, Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, expressed broad concern about inside dining given the aggressive COVID-19 spread. Fauci did not make any distinctions in the time of day.

“If we’re in the hot zone the way we are now, where there’s so many infections around, I would feel quite uncomfortable even being in a restaurant, particularly if it was at full capacity,” he said.

For those people who do go to bars and restaurants, curfews provide some added protection, Fauci said. “If you look at what happens as you get into the evening, people have a few drinks, they get a little bit more loose, they start taking masks off if they have masks on, they let down their guard,” he said.

The curfews and closures are frustrating to many restaurateurs and tavern owners who struggled through a round of shutdowns in the spring and have been enforcing mask and distancing rules and aggressively disinfecting their tables and bathrooms.

“We had no outbreaks in the time we’ve been open,” said Sean Kenyon, who owns three restaurants and bars in Denver. “We knew there would be a second wave, but we thought society would be more well equipped and well informed to deal with it.”

Also Read: Alwal Election Result 2020 Live Updates: TRS Wins Alwal Ward

Kenyon said late-night bargoers are a problem only for establishments that don’t strictly enforce their rules, which he added takes effort given the blowback from patrons who don’t want to wear masks when they enter. When he has worked the door checking IDs, he said, “the vitriol we’ve had spewed at us for the past six months has been unbelievable.”

Restaurateurs argue that infections passed along through their establishments are eclipsed in number by transmissions taking place in gathering places. “In Minnesota, it is a small percentage coming from restaurants and bars if you look at the contact tracing,” said David Benowitz, chief operating officer at Craft & Crew, which has five locations in and around the Twin Cities.

Curfews are not the province of just the United States. In Canada, Saskatchewan restaurants and nightclubs were ordered to stop serving liquor at 10 p.m. as of Nov. 16. Italy ordered restaurants in regions with the heaviest coronavirus outbreaks to close at 6 p.m.

Troy Reding, who owns three restaurants in Minnesota, said merely the announcement of a curfew, made by the governor earlier in the month, put a damper on the number of customers coming to his restaurant at any hour. “When the curfew was announced, sales plummeted,” he said. “It became very real to them that going out and dining wasn’t the safest thing to do.”

In a reflection of how leaders are struggling to keep up with the coronavirus running amok, even before Minnesota’s restaurant and bar curfew could kick in, it was superseded by a complete ban on indoor dining and drinking at those establishments.

With curfews and closures, restaurants have reopened their playbooks from the spring for outdoor dining and takeout. Nonetheless, they will take an economic hit. Benowitz said he must furlough 140 people from his 200-person workforce.

“We’re constantly pivoting,” Benowitz said. “If you’re not able to change in this environment on a dime, then you’re not going to be able to succeed.”

Related Articles

Behind Each of More Than 300000 Lives Lost: A Name- a Caregiver- a Family- a Story

Behind Each of More Than 300000 Lives Lost: A Name- a Caregiver- a Family- a Story Behind Each of More Than 300000 Lives Lost: A...

This Health Care Magnate Wants to Fix Democracy- Starting in Colorado

This Health Care Magnate Wants to Fix Democracy- Starting in Colorado This Health Care Magnate Wants to Fix Democracy- Starting in Colorado. In the final...

In COVID Hot Zones- Firefighters Now ‘Pump More Oxygen Than Water

In COVID Hot Zones- Firefighters Now ‘Pump More Oxygen Than Water In COVID Hot Zones- Firefighters Now ‘Pump More Oxygen Than Water. As a boy, Robert...

3 COMMENTS

  1. Detail: http://zrenieblog.ru/ http://zrenieblog.ru/ http://zrenieblog.ru/
    歷史
    六七千年前的先民就開始釣魚。周文王曾和兒子們在靈沼釣魚取樂。戰國時范蠡也愛釣魚,常把所釣之魚供給越王勾踐食用。 二十世紀八十年代,中國大陸的各級釣魚協會成立,釣魚地點也從自然水域向養殖水域過度,所釣之魚則從粗養向細養過度。人數增多、水體污染及濫捕濫撈導致釣魚難度上升。釣魚協會開始與漁民和農民簽訂文件,使更多釣者能夠在養殖水域釣魚,達到了雙贏的目的。 二十世紀九十年代初,來自台灣的懸釣法走紅大陸,各地開始建造標準釣池。 二十世紀末,發達國家的釣者提倡回顧自然,引發新一輪野釣戰,而中國的釣者則更青睞精養魚池。]

    工具

    一种钓鱼竿机械部分示意图
    最基本的钓具包括:鱼竿、鱼线、鱼钩、沉坨(又名沉子)、浮标(又名鱼漂)、鱼饵。]:1其他辅助钓具包括:失手绳、钓箱、线轮、抄网、鱼篓、渔具盒、钓鱼服、钓鱼鞋等。]:1

    钓竿一般由玻璃纖維或碳纖維轻而有力的竿状物质製成,钓竿和鱼饵用丝线联接。一般的鱼饵可以是蚯蚓、米饭、蝦子、菜叶、苍蝇、蛆等,现代有专门制作好(多数由自己配置的半成品)的粉製鱼饵出售。鱼饵挂在鱼鉤上,不同的對象鱼有不同的釣組配置。在周围水面撒一些誘餌通常会有較好的集魚效果。

    钓具
    鱼竿
    主条目:鱼竿
    钓鱼的鱼竿按照材质包括:传统竹竿、玻璃纤维竿、碳素竿,按照钓法包括:手竿、矶竿、海竿(又名甩竿),按照所钓鱼类包括:溪流小继竿、日鲫竿(又名河内竿)、鲤竿、矶中小物竿。]:6-8

    鱼钩
    主条目:鱼钩
    鱼钩就是垂钓用的钩,主要分为:有倒钩、无倒钩、毛钩。]:14

    鱼线
    主条目:鱼线
    鱼线就是垂钓时绑接鱼竿和鱼钩的线,历史上曾使用蚕丝(远古日本)、发丝(江户时期日本)、马尾(西欧)、二枚贝(地中海)、蛛网丝(夏威夷)、琼麻(东南亚)、尼龙钓线(美国)。]:25

    鱼漂
    主条目:鱼漂
    鱼漂又名浮标,垂钓时栓在鱼线上的能漂浮的东西,主要用于搜集水底情报,查看鱼汛,观察鱼饵存留状态,以及水底水流起伏变化。]:36

    鱼饵
    主条目:鱼饵
    鱼饵分为诱饵和钓饵,是一种用来吸引鱼群和垂钓时使用的物品,钓饵分为荤饵、素饵、拟饵、拉饵。]:170

    沉子
    主条目:沉子
    沉子又名沉坨、铅锤,是一种调节鱼漂的工具。]:45

    卷线器
    主条目:卷线器
    卷线器主要安装在海竿和矶竿上的一种卷线的工具。]:63

    连结具
    主条目:连结具
    连结具是连结鱼线与钓竿、母线与子线的一种连结物,使用最广泛的是连结环。]:55

    识鱼
    鱼类的视力不如人类,距离、宽度均无法和人类的视力比较,鱼类对水色、绿色比较敏感,鱼类的嗅觉非常灵敏,鱼类的听觉也非常灵敏,钓鲤鱼时,不能在岸上大声谈笑、走动不停,鱼类的思考能力非常弱,鱼类应对周边环境随着气象、水温、水色、潮流、流速、水量的变化而变化,于是便出现了在同一个池塘、水库、湖泊,往日钓鱼收获大,今日少,上午收获大,下午少,晴天大,雨天少等情况。]:114-117淡水钓鱼,中国大陆经常垂钓的鱼类对象是本地鲫鱼、日本鲫、非洲鲫、鲤鱼、游鱼、罗非鱼、黄刺鱼(黄鸭叫)、黄尾、鳊鱼、青鱼、草鱼、鲢鱼、鳙鱼,台湾经常垂钓的鱼类对象是本地鲫鱼、日本鲫、吴郭鱼(罗非鱼)、溪哥仔和红猫(粗首马口鱲)、斗鱼、罗汉鱼、苦花、三角姑(河鮠)、竹蒿头(密鱼)。]:117

    影响鱼类的6大因素主要是:季节变更、气温高低、水的涨落、风的大小、水的清浊、天气阴晴

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Stay Connected

21,613FansLike
2,507FollowersFollow
0SubscribersSubscribe
- Advertisement -

Latest Articles

Behind Each of More Than 300000 Lives Lost: A Name- a Caregiver- a Family- a Story

Behind Each of More Than 300000 Lives Lost: A Name- a Caregiver- a Family- a Story Behind Each of More Than 300000 Lives Lost: A...

This Health Care Magnate Wants to Fix Democracy- Starting in Colorado

This Health Care Magnate Wants to Fix Democracy- Starting in Colorado This Health Care Magnate Wants to Fix Democracy- Starting in Colorado. In the final...

In COVID Hot Zones- Firefighters Now ‘Pump More Oxygen Than Water

In COVID Hot Zones- Firefighters Now ‘Pump More Oxygen Than Water In COVID Hot Zones- Firefighters Now ‘Pump More Oxygen Than Water. As a boy, Robert...

ASUS TUF Gaming A17 Will Get AMD Ryzen 7 5800H- RTX 3060 GPU – Good Deal

ASUS TUF Gaming A17 Will Get AMD Ryzen 7 5800H- RTX 3060 GPU - Good Deal ASUS TUF Gaming A17 Will Get AMD Ryzen 7...

Google Gets $120M and Amazon Gets $42M Fine from France After Unsolicited Tracking Cookies

Google Gets $120M and Amazon Gets $42M Fine from France After Unsolicited Tracking Cookies Google Gets $120M and Amazon Gets $42M Fine from France After...